Bil'in, the symbol of the popular joint struggle of Palestinians, Israelis (with the anarchists against the wall initiative), and internationals, was a site of a year long experiment. The new war minister of Israel tried to extinguish the joint Friday demos by "neglect". The harassments during the demos diminished (first end to the shooting and later refraining from confronting the demos) but the night invasion to harass the village continued. The number of participants diminished gradually but continued. The fact that Bil'in was the only place Palestine could demonstrate without restriction was unbearable... The experiment ended. The Israeli state force is back in the confronting of demos and the shooting of tear gas resumed.
26-5-17 Friday; 8 Israelis and about dozen international activists joined about 20 Bil'iners in the 638th demo against occupation, settlers; and in solidarity with the hunger striking prisoners. The Israeli armed forces refrained from "participation" keeping Bil'in Friday demo the only place Palestinians can demonstrate with out being suppressed or interrupted. We marched towards the gate in the wall and there converged for a while before returning to the village.
The punishment come at weeks nights as the occupation forces invade the village and activists homes as a routine harassment.
Friday 2-6-17; 8 Israelis and about dozen international activists joined the Bil'iners in the 639th demo against occupation, settlers. The Bil'in Friday demo is still the only place Palestinians can demonstrate with out being suppressed or interrupted. We marched towards the gate in the wall and there converged for a while before returning to the village.
Friday 30-6-17, demonstration. 6 Israelis with the AAtW initiative and 4 internationals joined the village activists in the 641st demo in the chain.
Bil'in, Friday 7-7-17, 7 Israelis with the anarchists against the wall, and two international activists joined the village activists in the 642 demo against the occupation and the settlers.
Friday 14-7-17, 8 Israelis with the anarchists against the wall, and two international activists joined the village activists in the 643 demo against the occupation and the settlers.
During the demo, the activists told the settlers who live behind the wall what we think on them and their future.
Friday 21-7-17, 8 Israelis with the anarchists against the wall initiative, and one international activist joined the village activists in the 644 demo against the occupation and the settlers. During the lively demo, the activists used loud speakers to tell the settlers who live behind the wall what we think on them and their future.
Friday 28-7-17, Again a lively demo. (The 645 in the chain.) 5 Israeli with the Anarchists Against the Wall initiative, with nearly the whole the village comity were joined after a long absent with a delegation of the Israeli occupation soldiers. We did our march, chanting and knocking on the gate of the wall, The Israeli delegation compensated for their long absence with threats, sound grenades and tear gas canisters we missed for more than half a year.
The ambulance team who were absent many weeks as no army participated had an accurate guess: they came and helped us with the tear gas we were not used to.
After "enjoying" the tear gas for a while we returned to the village.
Friday 4-8-17, The 646 demo in the twelve and a half years chain. 8 Israelis with the Anarchists Against the Wall initiative, and 5 international activists, joined the village activists. We marched from the Abu Lamun oak grove to the gate in the wall expecting to find there the Israeli occupation soldiers as in the week before. We did our march, chanting prepared for the confrontation in the end of the march. We were really disappointed not to see the soldiers in the new cages on the wall - on the two sides of the gate. Knocking on the gate of the wall, did not help - the soldiers just were not there. Few people used the megaphone to tell the settlers on the other side of the valley what we think on them. After a while we returned to the village with mixed feelings.
11-8-17 As part of my 80th birthday party in Bil'in - 17 Israelis with the anarchists against the wall initiative and a dozen of internationals joined the village activists and guests from Ramallah in the 647th Friday demo against the occupation, the separation wall, and the settlers. We converged at the Abu Lamun oak orchard at noon. We marched from there to the gate in the separation wall - chanting. At the gate we converged for a long while and then returned to the village to continue the party.
19-5-17 In Friday demo against the occupation and settlers, and in solidarity with the hunger striking prisoners: Confrontations at the separation wall And the closure of a street that serves the settlers. It resulted with arrest of a teenager and the injury of several others in cases of suffocation and injuries by metal coated bullets.
16-6-17, Friday 16-6-17 demonstration against occupation, and settlers. 13 Israelis with the anarchists against the wall initiative joined the village activists after the noon prayer among the olive trees in the march towards the separation wall. There was the usual burning of tiers and calling with loudspeaker to the near by settlers. After about an hour we returned to the village.
23-6-17, Friday, Another demonstration against occupation, and settlers in the unbreakable chain. 9 Israelis with the anarchists against the wall initiative joined the village activists after the noon prayer among the olive trees in the march towards the separation wall. There was the usual burning of tiers and calling with loudspeaker to the near by settlers. The Israeli occupation army participated only with a buzzing Unmanned hovercraft. After about an hour we returned to the village.
Friday, 7-7-17 https://www.facebook.com/oqba.taha/posts/1532895503420447
Friday 21-7-17, Hundreds of people from Ni'ilin came out after Friday prayers on the ground with slogans condemning occupation and arrogance in Jerusalem, and some have brought up the apartheid wall and have raised Palestinian flags and others. Burned rubber tyres and some cut barbed wire from the concrete wall in the presence of a large number of soldiers from the occupation army who chased the demonstrators and mobilized the so-called border guards on the A Palestinian vehicle speaker and they were driving the car to the street boss, and closed the road to young people and flooded the tear gas village as well as in houses. The Village has been blocked in order to prevent people from coming and coming!
A boy wounded with real bullets in his foot
28.7.2017 israel pnm https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zshhRGAjyko&feature=you...tu.be
4.8.2017 israelpnm https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Yh5O7lEWTU4
11-8-17 On the anniversary of the departure of the free speech Mahmoud Darwish The march of Ni'lin weekly west of the city of Ramallah against the wall and the looting of the land after the prayer in the field away from the pleasures of life from air conditioners and carpets of demonstrators swept the ground and promised the olive trees and chanted slogans against the occupation and raised the Palestinian flags and ignited rubber tires, The army of the occupation in order to arrest the demonstrators but revealed their belongings and chased the boys in the fields after the clashes that took place there
Friday 5.5.2017 David Reeb https://youtu.be/0vKU9LaJoiA
19-5-17 IOF attacks the demonstration and shots a lot of tear gas cannister and live ammunition rubber bullets 4 Palestinian injuries
David Reeb https://youtu.be/KRuEDuNYOzA
22-5-17 Hunger striking prisoners support demo: IOF attacks the demonstration in which 200 person and more participated one child shot in his legs by life bullets
26-5-17 The Israeli occupation forces arrested the freedom fighter Miko Peled after attacks the demonstration in Nabi Saleh today and shots a lot of tear gas cannister and live ammunition rubber bullets and pepper spray in the face of people
A long article: Fearless Palestinian village of Nabi Saleh defines popular protest - http://mondoweiss.net/2017/05/fearless-palestinian-village
Friday 7.7.2017 The Israeli occupation forces attack the demonstration in Nabi Saleh today and shots a lot of tear gas cannister and live ammunition rubber bullets the clashes continue between freedom fighters and the IOF they declared that the village closed military zone free Palestine
21.7.2017 Nabi Saleh today IOF attacks the demonstration and shots a lot of tear gas cannister and live ammunition rubber bullets the youth Yazen Tamimi wounded by life bullets in his leg
28.7.2017 Clashes were taking place in Nabi_Saleh and Zionists forces kept shooting tear gas, steal coated bullets and live ammo.
One injury with steal coated bullet in the face
19-5-17 Sumud Freedom Camp https://www.facebook.com/abu.sivan/media_set?set=a.1015...92499
TODAY 20-5-17: Palestinian activists broke in to the Ofer military court to hang flags and draw graffiti of Marwan Barghouthi, West Bank.
Saturday 18/06/17 "I will not say their name because the Palestinians get arrested, killed, humiliated at all ages, these two heroes are 7 AND 5 years old and defended their land with all their determination" https://www.facebook.com/photo.php?fbid=773850079450202
6-23-2017 At least two weeks already that the police do not arrive to suppress the weekly demonstrations in Kaddum village - only soldiers come. Before that came a combination of policemen and soldiers. This week, as you can see in the video, there are few wounded demonstrators. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2tCukZShBOg
7-7-17 The weekly demonstration today of the village was the first demonstration in the seventh year of protests in the village. Ended six years of protests on Friday and Saturday to open the road, freedom of movement and the abolition of apartheid.
In the weekly demonstrations hundreds of participants; However, the Zionist forces, in the form of the Zionist army and the police arrived in order not to allow people to walk the village where they live. They had to prove again and again, like every week there is occupation, there is apartheid.
Two weeks ago, one protester was injured by a rubber bullet in his hand and is still suffering from broken bones. On Sunday, police arrested him, caps And four other village children, aged around age 14 ~ 15. Anyone arrested, wounded in the leg by a rubber bullet and can not walk without crutches. The arrests took place late at night, when the Zionist forces broke into houses. We will continue to fight Zionism until freedom!
14-7-17 David Reeb https://youtu.be/MX2h-_IZxCk
Saturday 29/07/17, during the weekly peaceful demonstration of villagers, a captain and his soldier shot everyone, by rubber bullet, among the affected Palestinians, the young kaled shtewi 12 years and his father mourad, coordinator of the Village.
Don't Say We didn't Know 550
on Saturday, April 29, 2017, 30 settler-colonists from Yitzhar descended upon the neighbouring Palestinian village of 'Urif and stoned houses on the edges of the village. Inhabitants attempted to chase their assailants away. Israeli soldiers who arrived did not prevent the harassment and arrested none of the attackers. They fired tear-gas and rubber coated ammunition at the villagers. The settler-colonists shattered house windows and wounded the owner. The assault on Saturday was not the first to take place, and is not likely to be last.
On Thursday, May 4, 2017, Israeli government agents escorted by police demolished a home east of Tel Sheva (in the Negev). At Umm Batin (near the Israeli neighborhood of Omer) they demolished a water reservoir and a fence.
Five families from Bat Sara'ia, near Tel Al Milh, were issued demolition orders for all their homes and summoned for police interrogation.
Don’t Say We Didn’t Know 551
On May 4, 2017, agents of the Civil Administration and Mekoro – Israel Water Company – came to the Palestinian village of Bardala, in the northern Palestinian Jordan Valley, and cut water pipes that they claimed were illegally connected. Israeli soldiers hurled tear-gas canisters at Palestinians protesting the disconnection of their pipes.
About 20 years ago, Mekorot drilled deep wells in the village and took over the local water resources. Then the inhabitants were promised a supply of water. In the meantime the village population grew and so did their needs, but Mekorot never agreed to enlarge their water allotment. Therefore local farmers made ‘pirate’ connections to Mekorot pipes. The estimate is that 200 dunams of farm produce have dried up as a result of the pipe-disconnection.
On Wednesday, May 10, 2017, government agents escorted by police came to the Bedouin village of Sa’awa (east of the town of Hura), and demolished eight residences.
Don’t Say We Didn’t Know 552
Wherever the Separation Barrier is erected inside the occupied territory of the West Bank, this is done in violation of international law. All the regulations the Israeli army implements restricting the Palestinian farmers’ access to their lands beyond this barrier – are blatantly illegal.
In February 2017 the Israeli army stiffened the criteria for issuing entry permits to farmers. Many of them have suffered heavy damages as a result.
Thus, for example, the permit held by R. and his family from Deir Al Ghusun (north of Tul Karm) has become invalid since the end of April. All his efforts to obtain new permits to reach his land have been in vain.
On Monday and Wednesday (May 15 and 17, 2017) government agents escorted by police demolished homes of Bedouins in the Negev: two homes in Wadi Al Naam, a home in Tel Arad, two homes and a shack in Hasham Zana, two homes in Sawawin, one home in Tel Al Maleh. In Bir Hadaj a family was compelled to demolish six homes. On Wednesday a structure was demolished in Um Batin, two homes and five sheep pens were demolished in Rahma, and – Al Arakib was demolished once more.
Don't say we did not know 553
The practice of ‘administrative detention’ is a blatant contradiction of the principle of fairness of the legal system.
On December 26, 2013, writer Ahmad Qtamash was released from administrative detention, having spent seven years (accumulated) in prison! No sufficient evidence had been provided to convict him in court.
Since his release, Qtamash has not been politically active. On May 17, 2017 the Israeli military commander of the West Bank issued an order of administrative detention against him for another three months.
On Wednesday and Thursday, May 24-25, 2017, government agents escorted by police conducted demolitions in the Bedouin villages of the Negev. On Wednesday they demolished two homes, destroyed fire wood and waste piles at Wadi Al Naam; In Dahiya, near the Israeli locality of Beit Qama, they demolished a sheep pen and a horses’ stall, uprooted olive tree saplings and destroyed a fence; in Sawawin, near Ar’ara, they destroyed a dwelling. On the next day, at Humra, near Darijat, they demolished a sheep pen and a temporary ranch; at Za’arura, near Kseife, they destroyed olive saplings and a dam; at Gatamat, near ‘Ar’ara, they demolished a dwelling and a sheep pen.
Don’t Say We Didn’t Know 554
Ever since the 1980s, Palestinians of Sarura in the South Hebron Hills have suffered assaults by settler-colonists of Ma’on and Havat Ma’on. In 1997 the last remaining Sarura villagers left because of these assaults by the original Havat Ma’on settler-colonists. Some of their lands were taken over by the same settler-colonists of Ma’on and Havat Ma’on. The villagers continued to cultivate the remaining lands.
On May 19, 2017, Palestinian, Israeli and international non-violence activists put up the Sumud camp at Sarura, in order to resettle the village with its original inhabitants. The Israeli army sequestered property and demolished the camp three times, on May 20, 25 and 29, 2017.
Don't Say We Didn't Know 555
On Thursday night, June 1, 2017, a settler colonist most likely from the illegal outpost in the Um Zuka nature reserve in the northern Occupied Palestinian Jordan Valley sabotaged ten water containers and tore up the tarpaulins sheltering the sheep of a Palestinian shepherd family situated west of the nature reserve. The settler colonist escaped.
Don't Say We Didn't Know 556
In the first report in Hebrew I made mistake, so I tuck it away from the English translation.
Israel used to refrain from demolitions of Negev Bedouin homes during the Ramadan month. In recent years we have witnessed that Al Arqib was not part of this consideration. Indeed, on Wednesday, June 14, 2017, Al Araqib was demolished again. The Israeli authorities also demolished 2 sheep pens at Sawawin, south of road 25, and in Wadi Al Naam they demolished a storehouse and the floor of a house which the family had demolished itself. Earlier, on June 1, a fruit tree grove and a pile of firewood was destroyed in Hasham Zana, south of road 25, and in Lakia a house was demolished.
Don't Say We Didn't Know 559
On Tuesday, July 18, 2017, Judge Ron Solkin of the Beer Sheva Magistrate Court, sentenced three Bedouins who participated in a protest demonstration at Hura (held on November 30, 2013) to three years in prison and a fine of 25,000 shekels. Two others were sentenced to six months service work, and a 15,000 shekels fine.
On Thursday, July 20, 2017, government agents escorted by police came for a day of demolitions of Bedouin houses in the Negev. They destroyed a house in Wadi Al Naam, a house near Hura, and a house in Wadi Ghawin, near Mulda.
Don't say we did not know 560
On Saturday, July 27 2017, Odeh Nawajeh, age 17, from Ibzik near the town of Tayasir in the Palestinian Jordan Valley, set out to shepherd his family's flock. And there he met his death from an explosion of a shell left on the ground in the wake of military training in the area.
On Wednesday, July 26th, government officials accompanied by police arrived for a day of demolitions among the Bedouins in the Negev. They demolished two homes near Segev Shalom (Shaqib al-Salam). In Um Gabu, east of Tel Sheva, a home was demolished for the ninth time and the family's belongings were confiscated. And at Rakhama, near Yeruham, a boy's small chicken coop was demolished.
Don't Say We Didn't Know 561
Farmers from the Palestinian village Jaloud did not receive their permits to harvest their wheat fields, located near the illegal settler outpost of Esh Kodesh. On Thursday, August 3, 2017, their application - filed in the month of May - was finally answered. Arriving at their fields they were shocked to discover that nothing of theirs had remained.
On Tuesday, August 1, 2017, government agents escorted by police destroyed Al Arakib yet again. On Wednesday, August 2, 2017, at the Bedouin village of Bir Hadaj near Kibbutz Revivim, they destroyed ten dwellings and three shigs (traditional gathering places).
Don't Say You Didn't Know 562
On Tuesday August 8, 2017 a water truck entered the Palestinian cave village of Pakhit in the South Hebron Hills to provide water for the residents. When it left the village Israeli soldiers stopped the truck and confiscated it, claiming that it had entered a military zone.
On Monday August 7, 2017, under threat by the authorities that they would destroy his storehouse (600 square meters) and that he would pay the demolition costs, the owner of the storehouse destroyed it himself. This occurred in the Negev Bedouin village of Um-Namila, north of Rahat.
Don't say we didn't know 563
The road that leads from Highway 60 to the settlement of Negohot passes through the Palestinian village of Hursa, west of Hebron. On July 25, 2017 Israeli soldiers took over the roof of a house in the village under the procedure known as "straw widow"- which allows them to take over a private home for security needs - ostensibly for 24 hours. The purpose: to provide security for the construction of a guard tower next to the village's public hall and near the school. For more than three weeks now the soldiers have been "living" on the roof of the house.
On Monday August 14, 2017 government officials accompanied by police demolished Bedouin houses in the Negev – two homes in the village of Sawawin and two homes in the neighboring village of Abu Tlul.
On Thursday August 17, 2017 they continued the demolitions, destroying one home (for the fifth time this year) in Umm Gabo (east of Tel Sheva); in Wadi Guwain (south of Hura) they destroyed a house, an animal pen, a fence and a canal; and in Al Bat (east of Hura) they destroyed a fence and a canal.
For further information: email@example.com
* From my blog at: http://ilanisagainstwalls.blogspot.com
See at the blog previous reports about the joint struggles the Anarchists Against the Wall take part in.
See also: Stories from the year 2100 - 50 years after the revolution
Although this is mostly a descriptive book, without much emphasis in theoretical debates, there is in it a wealth of thought-provoking ideas that have universal value. That this experience is relevant beyond the borders of Syria is proved by the extraordinary reception to this book. Pluto Press is already thinking of the second edition and recently, Ercan Ayboga, one of the co-authors, had a tour in Ireland, North and South, to launch the book; this brought him from Cork to Belfast, with stops in Dublin, Cavan and Dungannon. In all places, the people engaged and felt that Rojava had something very important to tell them.
Michael Knapp, Anja Flach and Ercan Ayboga, 2016, Revolution in Rojava: Democratic Autonomy and Women’s Liberation in Syrian Kurdistan. London: Pluto Press (320 pp., paperback, £15.00)
Pluto Press has done a wonderful service in publishing a “Revolution in Rojava”, a first-hand account of the alternative social project being implemented at this very moment in the area called, in Kurdish, Rojava, or West -three cantons in the north of Syria with a sizeable Kurdish population, but which is home also to Arabs, Assyrians, Chaldeans, Arameans, Turkmen, Armenians and Chechens. As the world has shown images of armed Kurdish guerrillas, the YPG, and as their female counterparts, the YPJ, have made it to the front news, while leading the struggle against the Islamic State (IS). As the world looked in horror at the spread of IS which seemed for some time unstoppable, this group of determined fighters not only held them back, but inflicted them their first massive defeat in the defence of the city of Kobane –with it, their aura of invincibility was irreparably damaged.
But little has been told, beyond comments in passing, about the social vision inspiring these fighters, who were not just defending their lives, but also the new society they have been patiently building for years in the northern part of the Syrian state. It is to this new society that this book has turned its eyes to. This is the first detailed, comprehensive, first-hand account of the social construction taking place in the area known as Rojava. While the Kurds have been welcomed as the backbone of the fight against IS, their political expression has been ignored, dismissed, blocked from participating in peace negotiations, and their communities have been kept in the cold with an enforced embargo by all its neighbours: Turkey, the Kurdish Regional Government in Northern Iraq (or Southern Kurdistan, depending on your point of view), and of course IS to the south. As the book aptly puts it: ‘[e]ven as the US-led coalition supports the YPG/YPJ in its fight against IS, the economic embargo against Rojava remains in place (…) The troops of Rojava may be used to counter IS, it seems, but their social and political model is to be starved to death’ (p.207). Why does the Rojava social project causes so much opposition among varied sources such as the US, Turkey, IS, the KRG and the Syrian state? Because of its transformative potential in a region where everyone is intending to direct limited change in their own particular benefit.
Since the emergence of the nation-states in the Middle East after the collapse of the Ottoman Empire in the post-WWI context, the Kurdish have been discriminated against in a systematic and structural fashion. Divided in four countries (Iraq, Syria, Turkey and Iran) across the Cold War divide, they did not raise much sympathy neither East nor West. One Kurdish man once joked saying that supressing the Kurds was the only agreement between these four states. For the most part, the Kurdish have been supressed as an identity and their very right to existence has been questioned. Yet the generalised chaos reigning upon the Middle East after the project of creating a New Middle East failed miserably, after the military adventures turned into a nightmare for millions, and after the Arab Spring turned into a reactionary winter, has created a space for them to step forward and attempt to create a new social order. This experience challenges widely held notions of intrinsic Middle Eastern authoritarianism, patriarchy and religious fanaticism. The fact that in the midst of this chaos, without any of the objective or subjective circumstances in their favour, and adversity surrounding them, they have a managed to create a system based on direct democracy, gender liberation and secular coexistence is a remarkable achievement in its own right.
Many of Rojava’s achievements go well beyond what has been achieved in terms of social and gender rights by the Western democracies. While the Syrian state has been fighting a mostly Islamist opposition in a terrible war of mutual extermination –with the kind sponsorship of Russia and Iran, on the one hand, and of the US, Turkey and the Gulf monarchies on the other- the Kurdish have managed to create a system they call democratic autonomy, in which gender liberation is more than young women holding Kalashnikovs –as trivialised by some mainstream media- but where not only quotas for women exist in every institution, but where the system of co-chairing means that all positions of responsibility are shared between a man and a woman, as well as providing their own independent, all-female, organisations where necessary. The system of council and ‘democratic autonomous administrations’, based in direct and participatory democracy, is, in the face of the deep crisis experienced by representative democracy all over the world –from Argentina, to Egypt, to Spain, to the US-, a most valuable contribution to start thinking of methods to create an active and engaged citizenship.
It is on this deeply democratic foundation that a remarkable secular coexistence has been made possible in the Middle Eastern mosaic, where unspeakable passions have led one group, ethnic of confessional, to strive towards the extermination of others. This diversity is at odds with the attempts to force artificial homogeneity intrinsic to every single nation-state, and the fact that the Kurdish think of their own political project as beyond the realms of state-making allows them to think anew of creative ways in which to create a Middle East where there is room for everyone. This is what they call ‘Democratic Confederalism’ which they view base on federalist principles and in their understanding of autonomy as the basis of social contract between these widely diverse groups. Inspired by this larger project, they have been increasingly successful in attracting Arabs, Syriacs and others into this shared vision –the creation of the Syrian Democratic Forces, the Democratic Council of Syria and the project of creating a Federation of Rojava/Northern Syria (which received a surprising wink from Russia) are witnesses to that.
But eventually this system based in direct democracy needs to confront the dominant capitalist system, because political democracy is nothing but incomplete without a thorough democracy in the economic system, that gives communities control and a say over it. The democratic deficit of our society is entrenched in deep social inequalities and the widening gap between those with power and wealth and those with none. A participatory system requires time to engage as an active citizen on a regular basis and a fair element of control over society. It is mainly on this point that the project of Rojava is still looking for a third path of its own, and in one way or another the flourishing of cooperatives is creating the foundation for a new economy based in the needs of society and whose spirit is based on solidarity.
This is a contradictory process, of course, and nothing is set in stone. Inasmuch as power has been devolved to communities through a tightly-knitted fabric of bottom-up institutions, the direction the process takes depends on them. But, even if guided by democratic and egalitarian principles, they are operating under enormous constraints and some of their solutions are bound to upset followers of various orthodoxies. For instance, in order to make concessions to more conservative elements in society, to include other groups that were underrepresented in direct-democratic institutions, a social contract was created at the start of 2014 which led to the establishment of democratic autonomous administrations. This is a compromise resembling more traditional representative administration, with its parliament, parties and ministers. This was also important to be able to have a dialogue from the three cantons with the outside world, which is (still) organised along the lines of conventional nation-states. This system, which has been described as “transitional”, runs in parallel to council network which has been the living expression of this direct democratic system. What way does the transition goes, if towards the restitution of the central state authority in one way or another, or to the creation of a bottom up social order, is yet to be seen.
Of course the whole experience on Rojava depends not only on their capacity to resist and create a bottom-up order in the induced chaos reigning in the Middle East. There is also enormous pressures coming from the civil war as such and the calculations of outside powers, both global and regional, in the resolution of this carnage. What order will emerge for the whole of Syria out of this civil war is crucial for the survival of Rojava, and hence their effort to reach out to others and explain that their alternative requires the emergence of a more democratic framework for mutual coexistence for all. While the YPG/YPJ emerged as a self-defence organisation to protect the Kurdish, together with their allies in the SDF, they have not attempted to topple the Assad government, nor look for independence. They have never denied though the importance of democratising the country and to this effect, they have been leading with example. This is why solidarity –the tenderness of the people, as Che Guevara famously said once- is so vital, because it is the only hope that whatever order emerges out of this chaos may negotiate with the people of Rojava a new relationship.
Although this is mostly a descriptive book, without much emphasis in theoretical debates, there is in it a wealth of thought-provoking ideas that have universal value. That this experience is relevant beyond the borders of Syria is proved by the extraordinary reception to this book. Pluto Press is already thinking of the second edition and recently, Ercan Ayboga, one of the co-authors, had a tour in Ireland, North and South, to launch the book; this brought him from Cork to Belfast, with stops in Dublin, Cavan and Dungannon. In all places, the people engaged and felt that Rojava had something very important to tell them. With the political crisis and increased alienation from politics at both sides of the border, to hear about the social experiment in Rojava seems like a breath of fresh air. Also, the increasingly successful –but daunting nonetheless- attempts to cross sectarian boundaries in a land fragmented in multiple religious and ethnical identities certainly stroke a chord with Irish participants, particularly north of the border. What ultimately Rojava seems to be shouting at the world is that it is possible for all of us to share the world together, but that this coexistence depends on the ability to respect and value one another, to live as equals. With a world submerged into multiple conflicts, wars and mounting social, political, environmental, economic crises that seem never ending, it may not be exaggerated to state that our future depends on our capacity to heed this message.
José Antonio Gutiérrez D.
The focus on the Israel-Palestine one apartheid state is more and more in the world media. The fear of Europe - mainly from the extreme Muslim terror, combined with the B.D.S. movement, increase the pressure on Israel. Even US call for at least partial retreat from 1967 conquest of the remaining Palestinian region. The sham excuse Israel will retreat only with final peace agreement in which the Palestinians renounce the right of return of the 1948 refugees is exposed when even the Hamas agree on 1967 borders. Frustrated from the Palestinian Authority yielding to the Israeli needs the Fatah opposition initiated the prisoners hunger strike of 1700 inmates which may ignite a mass revolt of the Palestinians of the west bank. Meanwhile, the harassment of the non-armed joint struggle of grass root village activists and the Israeli anarchists against the wall, that was a bit dormant seems to be ignited again marked with the use live ammunition in Nabi Saleh (taking advantage of the absent of Israelis).
The big anniversary demo of 17-2-17
24-2-17, The first Friday demo of the 13th year of struggle. 3 Israelis of the anarchists against the wall (and 2 additional Israelis), 5 volunteers of the red crescent from Ramalla, and 10 internationals joined the village activists and kids. We marched chanting from the Abu Lamun oak wood to the gate in the wall. We knocked on the gate, kids climbed on the wall and tried in vain to force open the gate. The Israeli state forces refused to respond to the challenge for a long while. We returned to the village with mixed feelings.
3-3-17, 7 Israelis, 10 internationals, and village activists marched in the Friday demo from Abu Lamun oak wood to the gate in the separation wall. Chanting all the way there and knocking intensely on the gate when we arrived... but no Israeli state forces came to meet us. After a long while and a short sightseeing for the internationals we returned to the village.
10-3-17 Friday, 7 Israelis were blocked from reaching the joint demo by 10 army and police cars who road-blocked the three roads leading to the village. The demo was as usual without the participation of the Israeli state forces....but only Bil\\\'iners and internationals could participate. Israeli forces closed the roads to the village of Bil\\\\\\\'in from all directions to prevent the 7 Israelis who tried to participate.
Rumours say it was a kind of weird reprisal act for the previous night action (of people not related to the joint struggle) who tried to force open the gate of the separation wall.
After failing to cross the road blocks we could only look from the near by hill the clashes between Bil\\\\\\\'iners and the soldiers of the road block between Kharbata and Bil\\\\\\\'in. A 14 year old youth from Bil\\\\\\\'in was arrested in the classes near the road block on the way from 433 high way and Bil\\\\\\\'in.
Bil\\\\\\\'in, Friday 17-3-17. 7 Israelis with the anarchists against the wall, more than 20 internationals, and 15 from Ramalla joined the village activists in the weekly demo against the occupation and the settlers dedicated to the memory of Rachel Corrie (ISM activist martyred in Rafa).
After converging at the Abu Lamun oak orchard we marched chanting to the near by separation wall. There we declare our opinions to the near by settlement of Modi\\\\\\\'in Elit.
After a while we marched along the wall to the closed gate there we continue the demo for a long while before returning to the village.
24-3-17 Friday demo. 6 Israelis with the anarchists against the wall initiative and 10 internationals joined the village activists. We converged at the Abu Lamun oak wood at noon and marched chanting to the gate in the wall. After long knocking on the gate trying to summon the Israeli force guarding the wall and the gate - getting no response we gave up. After socialising with the internationals we returned to the village.
30/3/17, Friday, The Day Of the Land demonstration. 6 Israelis with the anarchists against the wall initiative joined 10 Internationals and dozen and a half Palestinians marched from the Abu Lamun oak wood to the gate in the wall - chanting and holding flags. The Israeli state forces were absent as usual lately. Still hard to get used to be the only village permitted a free from suppression demonstration against the occupation and the settlers.
Bil\\\\\\\'in, Friday 7-4-17. 9 Israelis with the anarchists against the wall initiative, about 20 international activists, and 20 villagers marched along the separation wall chanting against the occupation, the separation wall, and the settlers. Only one soldier looked on us for few minutes and a drone hovering above represented the Israeli armed forces. After a long gathering, hanging flags on the wall, and burning tiers in front of the gate we returned to the village.
14-4-17 The 632th Friday demo against the separation fence/wall in the chain the Israeli state failed to tear. 11 Israelis with the anarchists against the wall initiative\\\\\\\' joined more than a dozen internationals, and the village people in the march towards the gate in the wall. A huge bonfire of old tires in front of the gate was a background for a long gathering and picture taking. A lone armed car of the army passed on the road behind the wall - activating its siren in a weird announcing of their unseen passing presence.
Bil\\\\\\\'in Friday demo, by its unique place where Palestinians can demonstrate without Israeli state interference and suppression direct a virtual powerful projector to all the other places and activities of suppressed protests.
21-4-17 Friday, the 633th demo against the occupation, the separation fence/wall, and the settlers in the chain the Israeli state failed to tear. 6 Israelis with the anarchists against the wall initiative, joined about a dozen of international activists, and the village people in the march towards the gate in the wall. The theme of the day was solidarity with hunger strike of the Palestinian prisoners. We marched to the gate in the wall chanting holding a banner and flags of Marwan Burguty. When we arrived at the gate only few soldiers were hiding beyond the wall - seen only by youth who climbed on the wall. A black cloud from a bonfire of old tires in front of the gate was carried to the near by settlement. After a long vigil we returned to the village.
28-4-17 Bil\\\\\\\'in Friday 28-4-17 demo. 8 Israelis with the anarchists against the wall joined two dozen Palestinians in the 634th demonstration against occupation, separation wall and settlers. The theme of the day was solidarity with the hunger striking prisoners. The Israeli soldiers which were murderous in the other demos of the day were were very few and hide behind the wall so we could not even see them. We marched from the Abu Lamun oak wood towards the gate in the wall chanting. At the gate a big bonfire of old tiers was lit hoping the wind will blow the smoke towards the orthodox settlement. Kids climbed the wall and hanged the Palestinian flag on it. After a long convergence and photographing with the young children we returned to the village.
Bil\\\\\\\'in, Friday 5-5-17 demonstration. 3 Israeli anarchists, and two international activists joined about 10 activists of the village in the 635th demo against the wall, the occupation and the settlers. The Israeli forces intended to capture the stone thrower kids so they left a notice about a closed military zone along the road to the wall and spread groups of soldiers and border police in the fields between the wall and the route of the dismantled fence near the village. We marched chanting towards the gate in the wall but before reaching it we started to return and confronted the invading soldiers in the field. As there were no throwing stones kids the state force just harassed us threatened us with arrests because we were in a closed military zone... and detained two of the village activists.
24-2-17 Hundreds marched today for the annual “Open Shuhadaa Street” protest in the occupied city of Hebron. Shuhadaa street in the old city used to be a lively market place, but was abruptly shut down by the Israeli military following the Goldstein Massacre of 1994. Barukh Goldstein, a settler and military doctor, fired at Muslim worshippers at the Ibrahimi mosque in the early hours of 25 February, 1994, killing 29 of them and wounding another 125. In the wake of subsequent violence, the Israeli military closed Shuhadaa street to Palestinians, shuttering stores and forcing residents off public spaces. Today, only Jewish settlers and their guests are allowed to move through the bulk of Shuhadaa street. Protesters chanted against the ongoing closure, against the ghettoization of Hebron and the continued settlement project that disrupt the daily lives of Palestinian civilians. The Israeli army dispersed protesters with barrages of tear gas. No serious injuries or arrests reported.
For more photos, Please click on the link: https://schwarczenberg.com/open-shuhadaa-street-hebron-2017
3-3-17 Friday demo, Update from Manal (from approx 5 hours ago): \\\\\\\"Clashes are still going on #Nabi_Saleh and soldiers keep shooting live bullets and tear gas canisters\\\\\\\".
IOF attack Palestinian, Israeli and international activists who marched to the fresh water spring located on land belonging to residents of Nabi Saleh, which has been stolen by settlers from the illegal Israeli colony of Halamish.....we will continue to take our wright\\\\\\\'s and end the suffering of our population to make Palestine free of occupation
21-4-17 In solidarity with the hunger striking Palestinian political prisoners, residents of the West Bank village of Nabi Saleh marched and confronted the Israeli army. The strike was launched on Prisoner’s Day, 17 April, and included thousands of political prisoners of different factions. The prisoners demand immediate improvement to the conditions of their incarceration, such as access to education, phones, family visits etc. The Israeli state retaliated against the leadership of the prisoners, especially against Marwan Barghouti, by relocating them to different jails and placing them in solitary confinement. Marchers waved the Fatah flags, chanted against administrative detention, and call for the release of political prisoners and against the ongoing occupation and land confiscations. The Israeli army attempted to disperse protesters with tear gas, rubber- and sponge-encased steel bullets. No major injuries or arrests reported.
For more photos, Please click on the link: https://schwarczenberg.com/nabi-saleh-21042017
Friday demo. The theme of the day was solidarity with hunger strike of the Palestinian prisoners https://www.facebook.com/photo.php?fbid=825314100942618
26-4-17 A strong clashes taking a place this Friday demo in #Nabi_Saleh and one injury with live ammunition. Soldiers attack the demonstration and shots a lot of tear gas cannister and live ammunition four youths shots by life bullets in there legs and one by tear gas cannister in the head they are in hospital for treatment after the army stopped the ambulance for one hour
5-5-17 Israeli soldiers shot and injured, Friday, eight Palestinians, including five with live fire, and caused scores to suffer the effects of tear-gas inhalation, in Nabi Saleh village, north of Ramallah, in central West Bank.
3-3-17 Friday demo https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jN4d0i4GQ1k
24-3-27 Friday demo https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=w8NqBEO1deY
14-4-2017 Friday https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5HKsPqowAGo
3-3-17 Friday demo
24-3-27 Friday demo David Reeb https://youtu.be/SXZRMVGotko
31.3.2017 Israel Puterman https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_yKuNBEqLkE
Yaron ben-haim https://antinarrativeblog.com/2017/04/02/%D9%86%D8%B9%D...2017/
7-4-17 israelpnm https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=F0KPwDryzoo
Yaron ben-haim https://antinarrativeblog.com/2017/04/11/%D9%86%D8%B9%D...2017/
14-4-17 The IOF shot and arrested our friend Muhamed Ameera at Ni\\\\\\\'lin weekly demo he in the hospital now . Inshallah he recover soon and back to his children and family
04/21/2017 israelpnm https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=yEc9gQZhB_k
David Reeb https://youtu.be/FCW64aGsBks
Don’t Say We Didn’t Know 540
Settlers from the illegal outpost Havat Ma’on in the South Hebron Hills habitually assault Palestinian children of the cave-dweller hamlets in the area who are forced to walk close to the outpost on their way to school in Tawane and back. In 2004 the assailants seriously wounded two international accompanists. Ever since then, the Israeli army has been escorting the children. All these years the Israeli police, West Bank region, ‘manages’ not to know of the assaults, nor to arrest the assailants.
On Wednesday, February 15, 2017, the escorting army Jeep did not arrive to do its work and accompany the children on their way from their school in Tawane back to their hamlets. The children chose to take the longer way in order to avoid passing by Havat Ma’on. In spite of their efforts not to run into colonists, these lay in wait for them and attacked.
On Wednesday, February 22, 2017, government agents escorted by police arrived at Bedouin villages in the Negev, and ploughed grain fields belonging to the Bedouins, in order to destroy their future crops: In Rahma near Yeruham, and at Al Sadir, west of Ar’ara. They also demolished a home in Abu Grinat, south of road 25.
every Friday, protesting their violent evictions from their homes,the taking over of the neighbourhood by the settlers, and the Judaization of East Jerusalem.They call upon each and every person who supports their struggle to join them. Please make an effort and join them this April 28for a vigil in support of their struggle.Attention: The vigil will start at 4:00 Pm We will meet at the Sheikh Jarrah Garden, on the new side-walk, Nablus Road and Dahlmann St.
Don’t Say We Didn’t Know 541
Until recently Israeli soldiers were the ones acting to expel Palestinians from the Jordan Valley. In the past few months, settler-colonists have joined this activity, now living in new ‘illegal’ outposts erected at Al Hema and Umm Zuka, in the northern Palestinian Jordan Valley.
On Wednesday March 1, 2017, settler-colonists from Umm Zuka stole four donkeys from Palestinian shepherds of Al Malih. When required to return them, they admitted that they had handed over the donkeys to the Civil Administration. Naturally, none of the robbers has been arrested nor would be brought to court. The Palestinians are required to pay to get their donkeys back.
On Saturday, March 4, settlers-colonists of the outpost at Al Hema attacked Palestinian shepherds. Soldiers who arrived late at the scene, arrested a Palestinian instead of the assailants.
On Tuesday, February 28, 2017, government agents escorted by police demolished Bedouin homes in the Negev: one near Kseifa, one in Abu Tlul near road 35, and one at Hashem Zana near Moshav Nevatim.
Don\\\\\\\'t Say We Didn\\\\\\\'t Know 542
Settler colonists from the new outpost above the hamlet of Al Hema in the northern Palestinian Jordan Valley keep threatening and assaulting their Palestinian neighbours. None of the assailants has been arrested.
On Sunday, March 5, 2017, settler-colonists from the outpost assaulted Palestinian shepherds of Al Hema..
On Tuesday, March 7, two armed settler-colonists entered Al Hema itself and threatened its inhabitants. Later they attacked shepherds.
On Friday March 10, settler-colonists came riding on mini-tractors with dogs and chased shepherds away from their grazing area. This time the shepherds were not escorted by Israeli or international human rights activists.
On Sunday through Tuesday, March 5-7, Israeli government agents escorted by police destroyed grain crops in Bedouin villages in the Negev: at Umm Batin near road 60, at Al Fura\\\\\\\'a near road 31, and at Rahma near Yeruham and in Wadi Al Na\\\\\\\'am south of Beer Sheva.
On Thursday, March 9, they demolished Al Arakib yet again.
Don\\\\\\\'t Say We Didn\\\\\\\'t Know 543
On Sunday, March 12, 2017, Palestinians were working, paving an access road to the fields of Turmus Aya village, located in Area B. Israeli soldiers fired teargas grenades and \\\\\\\'rubber bullets\\\\\\\' (metal covered in rubber) without any warning. The workers left. Only after intervention by the DCO did the soldiers leave and the Palestinians resumed their work.
On Monday and Tuesday, March 13-14, government agents escorted by police came to Bedouins\\\\\\\' fields in the Negev and destroyed their crops - near Nevatim Junction, near Al Sara, Tel Al Milh (all close to the army base at Nevatim) and at Kseife. On Thursday, March 16, they destroyed dams with which the Bedouins store rainwater that enables them to cultivate summer crops- at Tel Arashid, east of the town of Hura, at Um Batin, near Omer, and in Hura.
Don\\\\\\\'t say we did not know 544
On Wednesday March 22, 2017, Palestinian farmers of the village Bourin went out to cultivate their lands. Note: this was in coordination with with the Israeli army. Settler-colonists who came from Yitzhar attacked them. The soldiers did not arrest the attackers. An army officer demanded of the farmers to leave the area.
Don\\\\\\\'t Say We Didn\\\\\\\'t Know 545
On Monday, March 28, 2017, Israeli soldiers came to the Palestinian village of Al-Rifa\\\\\\\'iya (near the town of Yatta in the South Hebron Hills) and demolished a greenhouse, as well as confiscating the tree saplings that were growing in the nursery.
Don\\\\\\\'t Say We Didn\\\\\\\'t Know 546
Settler colonists of Yitzhar, Beracha and their outposts frequently attack the Palestinian villagers of Bourin.
On Saturday, April 1, 2017, settler colonists from the illegal outpost of Seneh Yaacov (near Beracha) descended towards the Palestinian village of Bourin. They threw stones at homes in the village. Soldiers who were present did not prevent the assault nor arrest them. When youngsters of the village began to throw stones back at them, the soldiers fired rubber (rubber coated steel pellets) ammunition and teargas and stun grenades at the Palestinians. The soldiers also grabbed a donkey from Bourin and passed it on to the settler colonists
---- ---- ---- ----.
On Wednesday, April 5, 2017, Israeli government agents escorted by police once more demolished the Negev Bedouin village of Al Arakib.
Don\\\\\\\'t Say We Didn\\\\\\\'t Know 547
On Wednesday, April 5, 2017, Israeli soldiers came to the Palestinian village of Umm Al Uber, near Zubeidat, in the northern Palestinian Jordan Valley, and uproot 540 date palm saplings, just one year old, and destroyed 30 dunams of melons. A week earlier they uprooted date palm saplings near Jericho.
Don\\\\\\\'t Say We Didn\\\\\\\'t Know 548
In violation of international law, ten Israeli quarries operate inside the West Bank, and another is about to be opened.
On Wednesday, April 19, 2017, agents of the Civil Administration escorted by soldiers handed orders to cease work to a Palestinian quarry owner south of the Palestinian village of Beit Umar, and confiscated a bulldozer and bugger which they transported to nearby Israeli settler-colony of Karmei Tzur.
On Thursday, April 20, 2017, Israeli government agents escorted by police came to Bedouin villages in the Negev for a day of home demolitions. They destroyed two houses at Al Sayed, near the town of Hura, two homes at at Al Za\\\\\\\'arura, east of Kseife, and a house in Al Fur\\\\\\\'a near the Israeli town of Arad.
Don’t Say We Didn’t Know 549
Here is a testimony given by a member of the Jahalin tribe living in Ujja (north of Jericho), to visitors on tour of the peace movements in the Palestinian Jordan Valley (Friday, April 28, 2017) as noted by Nurit Popper.
“We have been living in Ujja for 30 years with our sheep and goat flocks. We were living quietly until 2008. Then trouble began. Settler-colonists from the hilltop outposts above Ujja began to descend to our grazing areas and threaten and assault us.
In 2008 they stol 75 of our goats and sheep. We complained to the police but in vain.
3 years ago 90 goats and sheep were stolen. Some were taken to the settler-colony and others to further locations. In spite of the fact that we know who the thieves are and even lodged a complaint, the police never intervened and the stolen livestock was never returned to us.
Because of the repeated assaults and thefts by the settler-colonists we have lost our grazing area. We have had to close our livestock in corrals and feed it with purchased feed. We have been compelled to take other types of work, our lives have become impossible in this area. Lately, volunteers from the peace movements such as Guy and Arik who accompanied us to our grazing area were beaten up, paying a steep price for their will to prevent injustice.”
On Tuesday, April 25, 2017, government agents escorted by police demolished Al Arakib (Negev Bedouin village) yet again.
For further information: firstname.lastname@example.org
* From my blog at: http://ilanisagainstwalls.blogspot.com
See in the blog previous reports about the joint struggles the Anarchists Against the Wall take part in.
See also: Stories from the year 2100 - 50 years after the revolution
The "far-reaching compromise" of the Israeli Communist Party (and its front Hadash) who are pretending to be non-Zionists, and their like on the Zionist left is "two states for two peoples". It means: the existence of the State of Israel within the 1967 borders - the "Green Line", in which the Palestinian citizens are a minority.
Such a final arrangement requires the acceptance by the entire Palestinian public of relinquishing the right of return of the refugees displaced in the 1948 war, as their return would nullify the Jewish majority in the State of Israel and thereby abolish the control by the Jewish community there. The most far-reaching of them, like the ICP (and Hadash front), are even prepared for such an arrangement without the finality of the conflict conditioned on the Palestinian majority's declaration of relinquishing the right of return, provided that it is effectively prevented.
The vast majority of those pretending to be the "Zionist left" agree in the absence of a choice to return from most of the 1967 conquests, but not to complete withdrawal and an end of all control, and most of them do not even agree to withdraw without Palestinians relinquishing the right of return.
Without massive economic and political pressure there is no chance that the ruling Israeli elite backed by almost all its Jewish citizens will agree to a full withdrawal from most of the 1967 conquests still in its hands.
It seems that the present political entity of "one state" - non-secular, undemocratic, inegalitarian, and not of all its inhabitants - is likely to exist for a long time between the Jordan river and the Mediterranean.
The tiny one tenth of percent of the Israeli Jewish who are the real radical left like the majority of the Palestinians (who both still believe in "state") support the return of the refugees and replacing the present one apartheid state existing between the Jordan and the sea with one secular democratic state for all its inhabitants.
25 aprile 2017 - by KNK
Gli aerei turchi hanno bombardato Şengal (Sinjar-Iraq/Kurdistan) and Dêrik (Karaçokê-Rojava/Kurdistan).
Secondo le ultime informazioni, 26 aerei turchi hanno bombardato Amûd e Geliyê Kersê nel Şengal/Sinjar. Il bombardamento è ancora in corso. Si è appreso che prima delle operazioni aeree, le comunicazioni erano state del tutto interrotte a Dêrik e nelle aree circostanti.
Molti civili e combattenti curdi risultano uccisi e feriti.
La scorsa notte, aerei turchi hanno bombardato Radio Dengê Roajva e ÇIRA-FM come pure i quartieri generali della YPG a Karaçokê nei pressi della città di Dêrik. In relazione all'attacco, il generale delle YPG ha rilasciato un comunicato in cui chiama il popolo del Rojava alla resistenza. Il comunicato delle YPG dice: “Martedì 25 aprile, alle 2.00, aerei turchi hanno lanciato un attacco intensivo sul quartier generale delle YPG a Karaçokê nelle vicinanze di Dêrik. Il centro stampa, la radio ed il centro comunicazioni ed un certo numero di organismi militari sono dislocati a Karaçokê. In conseguenza di questo brutale attacco, diversi nostri combattenti hanno perso la vita mentre altri sono rimasti feriti. La loro identità verrà comunicata più in là”.
“Come YPG”, prosegue il comunicato, “ribadiamo che tali attacchi vigliacchi non mineranno la nostra volontà e la nostra determinazione per la libertà contro il terrorismo. Inoltre, facciamo appello al popolo del Rojava, in tutte le sue diversità, a sostenere le sue legittime forze di difesa, rafforzandole di fronte a questo attacco”.
Il terrorismo dello Stato turco deve finire e le forze della coalizione non dovrebbero rimanere silenziose.
Il co-presidente del PYD ha dichiarato che tali attacchi sono finalizzati a dare supporto all'ISIS. A causa di ciò, ha aggiunto, le forze della coalizione dovrebbero chiarire la loro posizione. Ha inoltre dichiarato che “Gi aerei turchi attaccano una società che sta combattendo contro il terrorismo. Le forze della coalizione non dovrebbero restare silenti di fronte a casi simili. Nessuno dovrebbe accettare questi attacchi.”
La Turchia vuole neutralizzare l'Operazione Raqqa.
L'Assemblea Democratica Siriana (MSD) ha affermato in un suo comunicato che tale attacco serve solo a rafforzare la determinazione contro il terrorismo.
Il comunicato della MSD dice anche: mentre l'Operazione Raqqa è in corso e le nostre forze stanno guadagnando terreno contro l'ISIS, gli aerei turchi stanno bombardando i nostri quartier generali nelle zone di Karaçokê e Şenga. Questi attacchi mostrano come lo stato turco vuole neutralizzare l'operazione Raqqa allo scopo di dare respiro all'ISIS.
Employees at the Zarfati Garage in Mishur Adumim vote to strike on July 22, 2014. (Photo courtesy of Ma’an workers union)