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north america / mexico / anarchist movement / debate Thursday December 03, 2015 14:40 by Wayne Price 3 comments (last - saturday march 04, 2017 01:34) 1 image
Murray Bookchin was an influential and prolific writer and thinker on anarchism. Recently his work has been in the news. While he made significant contributions, he made a major error in rejecting the working class as important for an anarchist revolution. This article reviews why he believed this and why, on the contrary, the working class must be a major force for a successful anarchist revolution. read full story / add a comment
frança / bélgica / luxemburgo / história do anarquismo / debate Wednesday November 04, 2015 02:55 by René 1 image
Anarquismo e sindicalismo :
Os debates sobre a herança de Bakunin antes da Grande Guerra
Após a morte de Bakunin, produziu-se uma ruptura com os princípios que o revolucionário russo tinha elaborado. Segundo ele, a Internacional devia conservar o seu caráter de organização de massa : os trabalhadores não deviam aderir a partir de uma ideia, um programa, mas com base a solidariedade recíproca e a defesa dos seus interesses materiais. Bakunin considerava que o movimento operário internacional não tinha atingido um nivel de desenvolvimento homogéneo e que seria necessário longos anos de debates internos para atingir à esta homogeneidade. Entretanto, era necessário encorajar estes debates, mas impedir a todo custo a imposição de um programa único para a Internacional – projeto que Bakunin atribuia à Marx.
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north america / mexico / anarchist movement / debate Thursday July 23, 2015 20:45 by Wayne Price 15 comments (last - tuesday august 18, 2015 05:32)
A response to Crimethinc's statement, "Why We Don't Make Demands." Wayne argues that revolutionary anarchists should propose to movements which they are part of to raise militant, radical, demands. Done in dialogue with the people, it moves the struggle forward and challenges the state and the capitalist class. read full story / add a comment
Voici deux textes traduits de l’anglais sur la situation au Rojava, le Kurdistan autonome syrien, et sur l’attitude que les anarchistes devraient avoir envers le mouvement populaire (pas uniquement kurde d’ailleurs) dans cette région.
Ces deux textes sont symptomatiques du débat parfois agité qui traverse le mouvement anarchiste sur la question de la révolution en cours au Rojava, et plus globalement sur les luttes de libération nationale.
Ils sont révélateurs des méfiances, des réticences, des distances récurrentes (et parfois des renoncements honteux) ou, au contraire, des rapprochements, des solidarités, des espoirs non moins récurrents (et parfois des vaines illusions) que ce type de lutte en général et cette révolution en particulier peut susciter dans nos milieux. read full story / add a comment
mashriq / arabia / iraq / imperialism / war / debate Sunday October 19, 2014 06:30 by KB 2 comments (last - wednesday november 05, 2014 05:06)
Anarcho-syndicalists should should hold no illusions about the Rojava Revolution. Since the turn of the millenium there have been reports of a libertarian municipalist turn in the Kurdish national liberation struggle inspired by Murray Bookchin. This change in politics has been lead by jailed founder and ideological leader Abdullah Öcalan of the Kurdish Workers Party (PKK) who discovered Bookchin while in prison. The PKK a former Maoist/Stalinist organization had turned to ethnic nationalism after the fall of the Soviet Union and discreditation of “really existing socialism” and so such a turn has been welcomed by many on the revolutionary left. However such processes of political transformation do not automatically translate to full adoption within a populace nevermind their official representation in leading parties. Please note that a reply to this article has been published by the Anarkismo.net Editorial Group: An Anarchist Communist Reply to ‘Rojava: An Anarcho-Syndicalist Perspective’ read full story / add a comment
“Los ejércitos secretos de la OTAN”: un texto que invita a la reflexión en tiempos de reforzamiento de la represión
bolivia / peru / ecuador / chile / represión / presos / debate Monday September 29, 2014 08:54 by Espartaco Gatti 1 image
Tras la nefasta, injustificable y repudiable explosión en el subcentro de Escuela Militar afirmamos que nada volvería ser igual. El bloque en el poder ya está comenzando a mover sus fichas para refundar la Ley Antiterrorista, aumentar las atribuciones de las policías y en particular de la Agencia Nacional de Inteligencia. El bombazo generó una oportunidad única para legitimar ante la “opinión pública” dichas medidas de control social, prácticamente sin ninguna oposición, o cuestionamiento (salvo el tema de los “agentes encubiertos”). read full story / add a comment
OVERVIEW: There is a healthy skepticism among many activists about simple grand plans, arising partly from disastrous Marxist experiments like the Soviet Union. But the opposite — faith that struggles spontaneously reach the best outcomes if freed of theory and plans — has serious problems. Many struggles falter or are captured as old mistakes are made again. Capitalism and the state cannot be defeated by a growing wave of loosely linked alternative “spaces” and experiments. These systems are based on coercion and exploitation; their defeat requires large-scale confrontation by a coordinated bottom-up working class counter-power with clear politics. The point of resistance is to change the world: it is not an aim in itself, just a response; a politics fetishising perpetual resistance must rely on a world of oppression. Closing discussion by labeling views “dogmatic” is a recipe for imposing other positions and elites through the backdoor. There is no need to repeat the tragic errors of the past. Other revolutionary theories from working class struggles – like anarchism and syndicalism — share no blame for the failures of vanguardism and reformism, and have valuable insights on building a participatory, transformative, project of “people’s power,” and on moving from resistance to reconstruction.It is important to speak openly about theory, strategy and vision, and to engage openly with the revolutionary traditions of the popular classes, like anarchism and syndicalism, born of our past struggles, and distilled from those struggles. read full story / add a comment
international / history of anarchism / debate Sunday May 25, 2014 07:19 by Wayne Price 1 comment (last - friday may 30, 2014 14:41) 1 image
The Marxist journal, "Platypus Review", published an article by Herb Gamberg which attacked anarchism by focusing on Bakunin. Wayne Price wrote a response and Gamberg replied, in PR. The following is Wayne's original response plus his new reply to Gamberg's latest comments. read full story / add a comment
"Entre os anarquistas existem os revolucionários que acreditam que é necessário abater, pela força, a força que mantém a ordem atual, para criar um ambiente no qual seja possível a evolução livre dos indivíduos e das coletividades. E existem os educacionistas que pensam que só se pode chegar à transformação social, transformando antes os indivíduos, por meio da educação e da propaganda. Existem partidários da não-violência ou da resistência passiva, que evitam a violência ainda que seja para combater a violência. E existem aqueles que admitem a necessidade da violência, os quais se dividem, por sua vez, no que diz respeito à natureza, alcance e limites da violência licita." read full story / add a comment
southern africa / workplace struggles / debate Friday March 07, 2014 06:44 by Lucien van der Walt 1 image
Lightly edited transcript from Lucien van der Walt’s discussion at 1st National Union of Metalworkers of South Africa (NUMSA) Political School, September 2013. From his debate with Solly Mapaila, 2nd deputy GS of the South African Communist Party (SACP) on anarcho-syndicalist versus Leninist views of the revolutionary potential of unions. A version was printed in ASR #61 2014, pp. 11-20
Captures van der Walt’s main points: the debate on the anarcho-syndicalist view that revolutionary trade unions, allied to other movements, creating a self-managed worker-controlled socialism through mass education, counter-power and workplace occupations; anarcho-syndicalism as a working class tradition; the anarcho-syndicalist view that unions can potentially be more revolutionary than political parties including Communist Parties, & be revolutionary without leadership by parties; the view that electioneering can be replaced with direct action campaigns; that the Spanish Revolution (1936-1939) shows unions taking power and making a bottom-up worker-controlled revolution; and how NUMSA’s current actions refute Marxist-Leninist theory; other problems with that theory’s traditional approach to unions; and the implications of all of this for current debates over the form of a new socialist movement in South Africa and elsewhere; and the nature of the South African ruling class and the primary social contradictions.
Lucien van der Walt is co-author of “Black Flame: The revolutionary class politics of anarchism and syndicalism” (w.Michael Schmidt, 2009, AK Press) and co-editor of “Anarchism and Syndicalism in the Colonial and Postcolonial World, 1870-1940” (w. Steve Hirsch and Benedict Anderson, 2010, Brill). He has a long history of involvement in the working class movements. read full story / add a comment
international / miscellaneous / debate Thursday February 27, 2014 07:51 by Nosotros Los Pobres 1 image
Two weeks ago, Nosotros los Pobres had the good fortune to host a presentation by two members of the Federacion de Estudiantes Libertarias of Chile, with whom we had a very productive exchange of ideas. Soon after that, I saw a statement published by the FEL, commenting on the situation in Venezuela, in which they expressed sympathy for the “Venezuelan people” in their resistance against a coup d’etat. As a member of Nosotros los Pobres, I wanted to share some thoughts about Venezuela and what’s going on there, both now and for the last 15 years, and I hope they will be useful for especifista comrades as well as for concerned and informed people generally. read full story / add a comment
north america / mexico / the left / debate Monday February 24, 2014 04:06 by Wayne Price 1 comment (last - thursday march 06, 2014 10:35) 1 image
The Platypus Society is having a panel on "Marxism and Anarchism," 3/17, in Chicago. It prepared a list of questions on the topic. These are my responses to the questions, in preparation for the discussion. read full story / add a comment
international / anarchist movement / debate Friday December 13, 2013 17:12 by Lucien van der Walt 1 comment (last - saturday december 21, 2013 06:24) 1 image
Examining the theory and practice of ‘mass’ anarchism and syndicalism, this paper argues against Daryl Glaser’s views that workers’ council democracy fails basic democratic benchmarks and that, envisaged as a simple instrument of a revolution imagined in utopian ‘year zero’ terms, it will probably collapse or end in ‘Stalinist’ authoritarianism—Glaser also argues instead for parliaments, supplemented by participatory experiments. While agreeing with Glaser on the necessity of a ‘democratic minimum’ of pluralism, rights, and open-ended outcomes, I demonstrate, in contrast, that this ‘minimum’ is perfectly compatible with bottom-up council democracy and self- management, as envisaged in anarchist/syndicalist theory, and as implemented by anarchist revolutions in Manchuria, Spain and Ukraine. This approach seeks to maximise individual freedom through an egalitarian, democratic, participatory order, developed as both means and outcome of revolution; it consistently insists that attempts to ‘save’ revolutions by suspending freedoms, instead destroy both. Parliament, again in contrast to Glaser, from this perspective, meets no ‘democratic minimum’, being part of the state, a centralized, unaccountable institutional nexus essential to domination and exploitation by a ruling class of state managers and capitalists. Rather than participate in parliaments, ‘mass’ anarchism argues for popular class autonomy from, and struggle against, the existing order as a means of winning economic and political reforms while—avoiding ‘year zero’ thinking—also building the new society, within and against, the old, through a prefigurative project of revolutionary counter-power and counter-culture. Revolution here means the complete expansion of a bottom-up democracy, built through a class struggle for economic and social equality, and requiring the defeat of the ruling class, which is itself the outcome of widespread, free acceptance of anarchism, and of a pluralistic council democracy and self-management system. read full story / add a comment
Examining the theory and practice of ‘mass’ anarchism and syndicalism, this paper argues against Daryl Glaser’s views that workers’ council democracy fails basic democratic benchmarks and that, envisaged as a simple instrument of a revolution imagined in utopian ‘year zero’ terms, it will probably collapse or end in ‘Stalinist’ authoritarianism—Glaser also argues instead for parliaments, supplemented by participatory experiments. While agreeing with Glaser on the necessity of a ‘democratic minimum’ of pluralism, rights, and open-ended outcomes, I demonstrate, in contrast, that this ‘minimum’ is perfectly compatible with bottom-up council democracy and self-management, as envisaged in anarchist/syndicalist theory, and as implemented by anarchist revolutions in Manchuria, Spain and Ukraine. This approach seeks to maximise individual freedom through an egalitarian, democratic, participatory order, developed as both means and outcome of revolution; it consistently insists that attempts to ‘save’ revolutions by suspending freedoms, instead destroy both. Parliament, again in contrast to Glaser, from this perspective, meets no ‘democratic minimum’, being part of the state, a centralized, unaccountable institutional nexus essential to domination and exploitation by a ruling class of state managers and capitalists. Rather than participate in parliaments, ‘mass’ anarchism argues for popular class autonomy from, and struggle against, the existing order as a means of winning economic and political reforms while—avoiding ‘year zero’ thinking—also building the new society, within and against, the old, through a prefigurative project of revolutionary counter-power and counter-culture. Revolution here means the complete expansion of a bottom-up democracy, built through a class struggle for economic and social equality, and requiring the defeat of the ruling class, which is itself the outcome of widespread, free acceptance of anarchism, and of a pluralistic council democracy and self-management system. read full story / add a comment
bolivia / peru / ecuador / chile / anarchist movement / debate Thursday October 17, 2013 21:42 by C.A.L. 1 image
Until a few months ago we had a libertarian movement in which different ideological expressions of the popular movement came together, but with certain shared elements such as recognition of the need to build organizations from the bottom, outside the State, promoting at all times internal democracy and the leading role of those directly involved, with the clarity on a strategic level that the task was to build popular power with class autonomy and encourage direct action as the main political tool for social transformation. However, the appearance of the Red Libertaria as part of the Todxs a La Moneda movement which supports the presidential candidacy of Marcel Claude and the recent sign from the Frente de Estudiantes Libertarios rejecting this initiative have only served to initiate a split within the libertarians, where it seems that reformist and authoritarian positions have achieved hegemony over part of the militants, and to which anarchists have only stood on as passive spectators. [Castellano] read full story / add a comment
mashrek / arabia / irak / imperialismo / guerra / dibattito Wednesday September 25, 2013 17:29 by Shiar 1 image
Sono rimasto felicissimo nel vedere, finalmente, come un gruppo anarchico nel Nord del mondo faccia un tentativo serio di capire quello che succede in Siria ed esprima chiaramente la sua posizione sulla rivoluzione siriana. Mi piace molto e sono d'accordo per la maggior parte con quanto espresso nella parte finale intitolata "La nostra posizione", ma ho parecchi problemi con le parti precedenti di introduzione e di sfondo. Ecco quindi alcuni miei commenti nello spirito del vostro invito che auspica "opinioni di altri, in particolare di coloro che hanno più esperienza nell'area e specialmente da anarchici che vivono nella regione", nella speranza che possano contribuire ad un dibattito più informato tra gli anarchici e ad una comprensione, una presa posizione e un'azione migliori per quanto riguarda la Siria. [English] read full story / add a comment
international / history of anarchism / debate Saturday August 31, 2013 06:49 by Lucien van der Walt 3 comments (last - sunday december 15, 2013 05:57) 1 image
This article defends the argument that anarchism/syndicalism emerged in the 1860s, as a libertarian form of socialism, opposed to social and economic hierarchy/inequality, favouring international class struggle and revolution, from below, for a self-managed, socialist, stateless order; it defends the necessity using a truly global history and analysis, placing the colonial and postcolonial world, and a wide range of mass movements, centre-stage, in order to grasp the "canon" of texts/thinkers/theories that must be ‘regarded as authoritative for anarchist thought and practice or especially significant in the historical development of anarchism’. It rejects claims that anarchism is a timeless "orientation" existing outside of contexts and classes, and demonstrates the methodological and analytical problems that arise from such approaches, including tautology, assertion and selective use of evidence. read full story / add a comment
argentina/uruguay/paraguay / historia del anarquismo / debate Saturday August 31, 2013 05:39 by Oleguer Vall Font 1 image
Uno de los debates más polémicos en el seno del movimiento anarquista, al menos en Iberia, es su relación con los llamados “nacionalismos de resistencia” (en un país de la periferia del sistema mundo podríamos llamarlos “nacionalismos populares”).
A través de un escueto análisis de una de las organizaciones anarquistas más influyentes en la Latinoamérica de la segunda mitad del siglo XX se verá que para el caso del Uruguay, país tan lejano geográficamente como cercano culturalmente, el anarquismo adoptó ciertos símbolos del nacionalismo popular a partir de los sesenta. Lo interesante del asunto es que este hecho no tuvo la consecuencia de la asunción de toda la estructura simbólica “nacional y popular” sino que se podría decir que la Federación Anarquista Uruguaya tomó exclusivamente aquellos aspectos que podían ser útiles a su proyecto revolucionario. Este hecho considero que introduce una nueva línea de debate en tanto que supone defender la incorporación algo descontextualizada de algunos elementos del “nacionalismo de resistencia” sin caer en la asunción de todos sus aspectos pero tampoco en rechazarlos todos a priori.
Este primer número es entonces un acercamiento a la complejidad ideológica de una organización que hizo historia y teoría en un tiempo convulso y de cuyo legado es, cuanto menos, útil aprender.
Salud y Anarquia read full story / add a comment
The Arab Spring redrew the battle-lines between over the control of information between the statist/capitalist elites and the popular classes – raising questions of increased restriction and surveillance, and of the limits of cyber-activism. In some ways this battle is often mischaracterised as being a narrow debate between cool intellectual property technocrats and wild-eyed free-use pirates, or as being a political dispute between authoritarian regimes and free speech activists, with no wider relevance to society. But it is clear that what is at stake is the global ideology (and exploitative practice) of corporatist enclosure versus that of the creative commons; in other words, it is more even than a universalist human rights concern, but is rather an asymmetrical war between the parasitic and productive classes over a terrain of power/wealth-generation known as the knowledge economy. read full story / add a comment
rússia / ucrânia / bielorússia / história do anarquismo / debate Friday March 29, 2013 00:31 by Nestor Makhno 1 image
Como qualquer anarquista, rechaço a autoridade em geral, sou um adversário de toda a organização baseada no centralismo, não reconheço nem o Estado nem seu aparato legislativo, sou um inimigo convencido da democracia burguesia e do parlamentarismo – considerando esta forma social um obstáculo para a liberação dos trabalhadores – em outras palavras, me levanto contra qualquer regime baseado na exploração dos trabalhadores. read full story / add a comment